New York City Guide
On Riverside Drive at West 122nd Street, stands the tomb of Ulysses Simpson Grant. A hero of the Civil War, Grant was considered to be chiefly responsible for the defeat of the Confederacy. Later in 1868, Grant became President of the United States, and was held in great esteem by the American public during his eight year presidency. He died on July 23rd 1885 in Mount McGregor, New York, of throat cancer. He was laid to rest in New York on August 8th.
Officially known as the General Grant National Memorial. The monument was dedicated on April 27, 1897 and is the largest tomb in North America. The tomb was built using 8,000 tons of granite, Massachusetts marble was used for the floors, and Italian marble for the railings and trimmings, Grant's Tomb sits high above the Hudson River in the midst of an attractive park. At one time it was one of the most popular attractions in New York City.
Look up and you will see above the distant top of its dome. There are basically four rooms. In addition to views of the dome and the tombs, the main room contains statues which depict Grant's childhood, service to the military, presidency, and his death. Small exhibits on either side of this room also provide information about Grant's career and tell the story of the monument's construction.
Inside the tomb, high on a wall is a mural depicting General Grant accepting the surrender from Robert E. Lee. By March 1865, Lee had left Richmond and was attempting to go to North Carolina to assist General Johnston against Sherman, but Lee met up with Grant at Appomattox Court House, and Lee, realizing the cause was now over, surrendered his now starving and tattered army, which by now amounted to less than 28,000 men.
Go to the circular railings in the middle of the room and look down to see the tomb of Ulysses S. Grant on the left and the tomb of his wife, Julia Dent Grant on the right. The tombs are looked over by busts of Grant's closest friends, including General Sheridan, and General Sherman.